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Membuat Essay dalam Bahasa Inggris

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Essay adalah suatu tulisan yang menggambarkan sebuah opini dari penulis tentang subjek tertentu yang dicoba untuk dinilainya (Hidayah, 2019 | sis.binus.ac.id). Kemampuan menulis essay sangat penting bagi kita yang biasa membahas suatu ide melalui tulisan terutama di kalangan akademisi (academic writing). Essay juga diujikan dalam tes IELST bagian writing part 2. Namun, sebelum membuat essay, kita perlu memahami juga cara membuat paragraf yang baik. (klik di sini untuk mempelajarinya)

Essay terdiri atas 3 bagian paragraf berikut:

  1. Introductory terdiri atas general statement dan thesis statement
    • General statement adalah sebuah atau beberapa kalimat yang berisi pernyataan-pernyataan umum yang bertujuan untuk mempengaruhi pembaca tertarik dan merasa perlu untuk membacanya.
    • Thesis statement adalah main idea yang topiknya akan menjadi topic essay secara keseluruhan sedangkan controlling-nya akan berkembang menjadi main idea dari paragraph body:
  2. Body adalah paragraphs yang berisi penjelasan utama terhadap topik yang sedang dibahas.
  3. Concluding terdiri atas restatement dan suggestion
    • restatement adalah pernyataan ulang secara singkat terhadap introductory dan body.
    • Suggestion adalah saran yang bisa diberikan terhadap persoalan yang sedang dibahas.

⇒ Membuat Paragraf dalam Bahasa Inggris

Berikut contoh langkah-langkah menulis essay dalam bahasa Inggris:

Introductory paragraph

  1. General statement (informasi umum yang dianggap diketahui oleh semua orang)
    In the last month, People were horrendous because there were 2 ministers who did corruption in the pandemic time. The corruption is unsettling and annoying for people. People ask why corruptions are rampant in Indonesia even when people are in crisis era because of covid-19.
  1. Thesis statement (berisi main idea)
    There are several causes of rampant corruption in Indonesia that lead them to corrupt.

Body

  1. Body 1 (dikembangkan dari mayor 1, non-transparency)
    Firstly. budget reports in many institutions are not still transparent. Non-transparency can let people corrupt without being caught. It also troubles Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan (BPK) and Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) to audit and to investigate corruption potentials. Many corruption cases are stopped due to lack of data and non-transparency.
  1. Body 2 (dikembangkan dari mayor 2, political dynasty)
    Secondly, Political dynasty practices are still rampant in Indonesia. Nepotism, political dynasty, makes it easier for people to do collusion. By doing collusion, they can corrupt perfectly and organized. They do corruption together and try to make a network to make it easy in doing corruption. Accordingly, BPK and KPK get trouble in investigating corruption cases.
  1. Body 3 (dikembangkan dari mayor 3, light punishment)
    Thirdly, corruptors still get a light punishment. The corruptors still feel what they get from corruption is greater than the punishment they will get. It has been proven that a lot of corruptors do corruption at a later time. People also often see on the television news showing that corruptors still get the luxury in the prison. This is very concerning that corruptors do not get a deterrent punishment.

Concluding Paragraph

  1. restatement (pernyataan ulang)
    It is clear that several main issues cause corruption rampant in Indonesia. Practices of corruption are complex criminal activity that needs an organized system.
  1. Suggestion (saran diberikan terhadap persoalan)
    Therefore, a good system in corruption eradication can overcome the problem well. The corruption can be prevented by making a system transparently, pressing a political dynasty, and increasing the punishment, so the government and people should cooperate to prevent corruption by overcoming various issues that can trigger it.

The Causes of Rampant Corruption in Indonesia

In the last month, People were horrendous because there were 2 ministers who did corruption in the pandemic time. The corruption is unsettling and annoying for people. People ask why corruptions are rampant in Indonesia even when people are in crisis era because of covid-19. There are several causes of rampant corruption in Indonesia that lead them to corrupt.

Firstly. budget reports in many institutions are not still transparent. Non-transparency can let people corrupt without being caught. It also troubles Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan (BPK)[1] and Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK)[2] to audit and to investigate corruption potentials. Many corruption cases are stopped due to lack of data and non-transparency.

Secondly, Political dynasty practices are still rampant in Indonesia. Nepotism, political dynasty, makes it easier for people to do collusion. By doing collusion, they can corrupt perfectly and organized. They do corruption together and try to make a network to make it easy in doing corruption. Accordingly, BPK and KPK get trouble in investigating corruption cases.

Thirdly, corruptors still get a light punishment. The corruptors still feel what they get from corruption is greater than the punishment they will get. It has been proven that a lot of corruptors do corruption at a later time. People also often see on the television news showing that corruptors still get the luxury in the prison. This is very concerning that corruptors do not get a deterrent punishment.

It is clear that several main issues cause corruption rampant in Indonesia. Practices of corruption are complex criminal activity that needs an organized system. Therefore, a good system in corruption eradication can overcome the problem well. The corruption can be prevented by making a system transparently, pressing a political dynasty, and increasing the punishment, so the government and people should cooperate to prevent corruption by overcoming various issues that can trigger it.

[1] Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan is Financial Supervisory Agency in Indonesia
[2] Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi is Corruption Eradication Commission in Indonesia

Thank:
Mr. Aris R dan Mr. Adzim, tutor pada program academic writing, Kresna_ELI, kampung Inggris

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